|Title||Linguistic difficulties faced by Secondary Four Express Stream pupils in their oral communication in Tamil.|
|Institute||Thesis (M.Ed.) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University|
|Supervisor||Thinnappan, S. P.|
|Call no.||PL4751 Kal|
|In 1987, Mr K. Ramiah of the NIE
did a dissertation that analyzed the linguistic difficulties encountered
by secondary four Tamil pupils in their Tamil compositions. While his
research focused on the written aspect of the Tamil language, my objective
is to identity the linguistic difficulties faced by secondary level pupils
in their oral communication. It is hoped that both researches will
complement each other to give a total view of the linguistic situation of
our secondary level pupils. The areas investigated include fluency,
pronunciation, morphology, morpho phonemics, syntax, and vocabulary.
Moreover, interference from other languages such as English, Malay,
Chinese and other indian mother tongues were looked into. The oral skills
tested were divided into four parts, i.e. Reading, Narration, Picture-cued
Description and Interview. Pupils were given a passage to read, a topic to
narrate, a picture to describe, and they also role-played an interview
with the researcher. |
A stratified sample of 70 students from Secondary Four Express and Secondary Five Normal were randomly selected from Secondary Schools spread all over Singapore. The sample represented students from Independent schools, Autonomous schools and Government schools.
The instrumentation used was a four-component test consisting of a reading passage, a narration, a picture-cued description and an oral interview.
The analysis revealed that many pupils after
ten years of second language education had many linguistic problems in
their oral proficiency in Tamil language even though they possess
grammatical proficiency in Tamil as proven by their examination results.
Moreover, the communicative proficiency of these pupils varied widely. Top
students from Raffles Institution and Raffles Girls Secondary School, who
frequently score distinctions in their G.C.E. 'O' level Tamil examinations
were not necessarily proficient speakers of the language. When it came to
reading a passage, these pupils were proficient. But during the
picture-cued composition, they had great difficulty in vocabulary and
sentence structure, especially when there was cue from the tester. This
study revealed that grammatical proficiency is not proportionate to
communicative proficiency. There was a regular pattern in the errors made
by the pupils - both in interlingual and intralingual.