Author Madhavi Manickavasagam
Title Preparedness of adult children in Singapore to meet caregiving needs of ageing parents
Institute Thesis (M.A.) (Applied Psychology) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
Year 2015
Supervisor Lim, Kam Ming

Meeting the needs of the growing ‘silver’ population of older adults aged 65 years and above is an increasing concern in many countries including Singapore. Gerontology and specifically research on ageing, the elderly, and caregivers for the elderly have received correspondingly increased attention in national policy, education and in clinical practice in Singapore in the past decade which has increased our understanding of the challenges faced by the elderly and their caregivers. Studies have shown that despite growing community-based facilities and support services in caring for the elderly in Singapore, these services may not be accessible to all due to limited vacancies and high costs (Mehta, 2005). Despite the increased availability of such formal care services, a survey of elderly in 2008/2009 showed indicated that majority of elderly in Singapore depended on their children for health or medical related care, financial and emotional support (Ministry of Social and Family Development, 2009).

This study examined the decision making process of adult children in assuming caregiving roles for their ageing parents in Singapore using the theoretical construct of the Theory of Planned Behavior and to consider the influence of demographical and cultural factors on this preparedness. Positive correlations were found between both measures of external locus of control (Powerful Others Scale and Chance Scale) which and Preparedness for Caregiving. Positive correlations were also found between caregiving preparedness and age, employment, education levels and income. No significant relationships were found between filial responsibility expectations and caregiver preparedness. Perceived social support was also not found to be influencing in predicting caregiver preparedness. Implications of the results will be discussed.