|Author||Ho, Hui Yee|
|Title||Chinese agrarian reform : an interaction between party and peasant (1945-1952).|
Academic Exercise (B.A. Hons.) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
|Call no.||HD1333.C6 Ho|
This exercise is aimed at analysing the significance of Chinese agrarian reform in shaping the socio-political fabric of Chinese society after 1949. Agrarian reform was already conceived by the Chinese Communist Partyin 1927 though it was largely restricted and conservative in its aims. Since the experimental years during the Jiangsi period in the early 1930s' till its the implementation of the Agrarian Reform Law on June 30, 1950, agrarian reform policy was not simply an economic tool of the communist party to improve the lot of the rural masses. The formulation of land reform policies were also influenced by the ideological and political objectives of the party. Many scholars have decided to base their conclusions upon the examination of official statements and government policies implemented. However, social historians contend that the tendency to view Chinese agrarian policies in the light of a totalitarian model tended to diminish the extent of civil society to influence state actions. Instead, social historians concentrated upon the presence of informal social relations existing within the social hierarchy in rural China and how the reactions of the peasant masses and the party cadres towards land reform that contributed to the change in the social structure of rural China.