Author Yeong, Adeline Mun Yan
Title The use of self-prompted video modeling on teaching daily living skills in adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Institute Thesis (M.A.) (Applied Psychology) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
Year 2017
Supervisor Dutt, Anuradha S. K.
 
Summary

The use of video instruction has been used to teach daily living skills to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, there is little research in teaching these individuals to self-instruct using video instruction. The use of video modeling (VM), a type of video instruction, has also produced mixed results, and it is unclear if this strategy is effective in teaching individuals with moderate to severe ASD. Additionally, handheld devices (e.g. the iPad) has increasingly been adapted into classroom settings, making it a feasible medium for instructional materials. This study focuses on using technology, by using the iPad, to train individuals with moderate to severe ASD to independently instruct themselves in the learning of novel daily living skills. A single case, nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants design was used across all three phases in this study. The results support the use of self-instruction and VM in the learning of novel daily living skills, and all three participants were able to learn to independently operate and manuver through the iPad and the instructional materials. At the same time, all participants were also able generalize the use of self-instruction in the learning and performance of two to three novel daily living tasks.