Author Tan, Yah Hui
Title What are the factors associated with reading accuracy and reading comprehension amongst Primary One girls?
Institute Thesis (M.Ed.) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
Year 2009
Supervisor Poon, Kenneth K. ; Liow, Susan Richard
Call no. LB1050.45 Tan
Research indicates that phonological awareness, vocabulary, grammar and memory play significant roles in children's decoding and reading comprehension ability.  Despite the plethora of research conducted on monolinguals, little has been done on bilinguals.  This study seeks to investigate factors associated with reading ability and reading comprehension ability amongst Primary One girls in the unique bilingual context of Singapore.  Eighty-four girls attending Primary 1 (mean age of 78 months) were tested on a battery of tests which measured reading accuracy, reading comprehension, phonological awareness, receptive grammar, receptive vocabulary, short term verbal memory and verbal working memory.  Regression models highlighted the role of phonological awareness (and possibly grammar) as a significant factor associated with reading accuracy.  Similarly, reading accuracy, phonological awareness and grammar emerged as significant factors associated with reading comprehension.  This study concludes by reflecting on the importance of phonological awareness and grammar in reading achievement within the local bilingual context.