|Title||The assessment of delivery systems for sport in Singapore|
|Institute||Thesis (M.A.) National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University|
|Supervisor||Waters, David J.|
|Call no.||GV663.S55 Fu|
|For the purpose of
investigating levels of Mass Sport at regional level in Singapore, two
comprehensive test instruments were created. The Regional Sport
Development Questionnaire (RSDQ) and Open-ended Informational
Questionnaire (OIQ) were developed and administered to managers and
administrators from the Singapore Sports Council (SSC) and National Sports
Associations (NSAs). The overall RSDQ return rate was 33.6% (47 out of 140
A scoring system was further developed in line with RSDQ, so as to translate and assign the scoring on the Regional Mass Sport Development Index (RMSDI) (Fu & Waters, 1999). The RMSDI (200 points maximum) lied in the theoretical framework developed for RSDQ and OIQ, which encompassed eight factor components (Objectives, Organization, Implementation, Physical Resources, Human Resources, Research and Evaluation, Media and Contribution to Nation Building) as well as total score.
Regions were group geographically so as to be compared and ranked for RMSDI total score and factor components, in the following manner: South M=122.82, SD=24.9) and North (M=115.31, SD=19.39); independent t=tests showed no statistically significant differences (p > .05) existed between the South and North. Likewise, Central (M=126.02, SD=26.5), East (M=120.83, SD=19.51), and West (M=112.56, SD=20.03) data were analyzed using One-way ANOVA which revealed that significant difference existed between means of the West and East as well as West and Central on Physical Resources (p < .05) and also between means of West and Central on Media (p < .05).
The highest overall score RMSDI, for individual regions, was Region 3 (M=129.85, SD=26.16); the lowest Region 1 (M=111.12, SD=18.96). Ranked in between Regions 3 and 1 were Region 5 (M=128.57, SD=21.20), Region 6 (M=126.08, SD=23.67), Region 4 (M=120.21, SD=36.28), Region 2 (M=114.54, SD=22.59), and Region 7 (M=114.20, SD=16.60). One-way ANOVA revealed that statistically significant differences existed for Physical Resources. The follow-up Fisher's LSD test determined differences for Physical Resources between Regions 1 and 6 (p < .05), Regions 1 and 7 (p < .05), Regions 2 and 3 (p < .05), Regions 2 and 4 (p < .05), Regions 2 and 5 (p < .05), Regions 2 and 6 (p < .05), and Regions 2 and 7 (p < .05).
Though means differed for the factor component "Regional Sport Development Contribution to Nation Building," between civilian management (SSC) (n=28, M=21.07, SD=3.43) and volunteer management (NSAa) (n=19, M=19.21, SD=5.59), no significant differences utilizing an independent t-test were found (p>.05).
In conclusion, recommendations or possible direction for enhancing regional (and national ) sport development are presented. These are in the form of statements by administrative personnel of the Singapore Sports Council and are based on eight factor components of the investigation.