Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Open Access
    A web-based ionisation energy diagnostic instrument: Exploiting the affordances of technology
    (2019) ;
    Taber, Keith S.
    ;
    Liew, Yong Qiang
    ;
    Teo, Kay Liang Alan
    The internet is prevalent in society today, and user-friendly web-based productivity tools are readily available for developing diagnostic instruments. This study sought to determine the affordances of a web-based diagnostic instrument on ionisation energy (wIEDI) based on the pen-and-paper version, the Ionisation Energy Diagnostic Instrument (IEDI) that had been previously developed and reported on. The Google Form platform was used to develop the wIEDI and it allowed a degree of personalisation such that specific second-tier options are offered in response to the student’s choice of answer in the first tier. Students could choose one or more reasons in the second tier or supply their own reasons, and they were asked to indicate their confidence in their choice of answer-reason combinations. It was administered to 274 A-level students (257 Grade 11 and 17 Grade 12), and answer-reason combinations indicating alternative conceptions were highlighted only if 5% or more students expressed confidence in them in the third-tier confidence measure. The results showed that all thepossible alternative conceptions of ionisation energy reported in the previous study were also identified in the present study. Additional alternative conceptions were indicated as new reasons had to be developed for many items in the wIEDI to ensure that there were sufficient reasons for each first-tier response, and students were allowed to choose more than one reason for their answer. The wIEDI better facilitated responses reflecting consistency of the use of specific ideas in student thinking and provided direct evidence of students’ possible manifold conceptions and thinking within each question as well as across a range of questions. It also allowed easy collation of the comments students typed in response to the ‘Others’ and ‘I do not know the answer’ options Thus, the study makes a case for researchers and teachers using such technology in the diagnostic assessment of students.
    WOS© Citations 1  375  100
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Using visual representations to realise the concept of “heat”
    (2020)
    Yeo, Jennifer Ai Choo
    ;
    Wong, Wai Lit
    ;
    Science teachers often use visual images to help students visualise the abstract concepts of science. Yet, they may not support students in making sense of these visual representations, wrongly assuming that the students can intuitively do it on their own. Pre- and in-service teacher professional development programmes also seldom explicitly teach how visual representations can be purposefully selected and utilised to help students comprehend abstract concepts of science. Thus, the aim of this study is to examine how an elementary science teacher made use of visual representations to realise the meaning of the concept of “heat”, and to identify design considerations when using visual representations for concept teaching. Using multimodal analysis, the findings showed how the teacher orchestrated a sequence of ensembles of visual representations which bore conceptual, pedagogical, and epistemological roles in unpacking the concept of “heat” to facilitate his students’ understanding. The findings indicate the importance of teachers developing representation-content-pedagogical competences in order to select representations apt for the targeted content knowledge, the students’ profile, the learning environment, and the nature of the science.
    Scopus© Citations 1  78  158