Publication:
An activity theory approach to characterising how ICT based innovations spread in Singapore schools

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2021
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Springer
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Innovation diffusion is a complex process that is undertaken in various ways. The use of ICT-based educational tools have been mandated through the national policy on ICT Masterplan which is at its 4th iteration currently. In line with this, the edulab funding programme is a structure that is put in place to encourage schools to spread innovations. A multiple case study approach is employed to understand how ICT-based innovations are spread to schools through the ‘spread’ model. This model is observed when multiple schools implement the use of a technology in classrooms. The ‘spread’ model shows that the implementation of the technology appears to be due to individual teacher efforts to incorporate technology use in their classrooms. Such models of innovation spread which are centred on the implementation of technology are typically not sustained as the technology becomes outdated and replaced by other novel methods. This chapter will comment on the activity systems of the spread model for ICT-based innovative teaching and learning as well as the contradictions of the model.
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Shamala Raveendaran, Seow, P., Tan, M. Y., & Chiam, C. L. (2021). An activity theory approach to characterising how ICT based innovations spread in Singapore schools. In E. R. Koh & D. W. L. Hung (Eds.), Scaling up ICT-based innovations in schools: The Singapore experience (pp. 67-86). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-4469-6_4
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