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Improving literacy of the visually impaired in Singapore: Pre-, post- and in-between literacy considerations
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Wong, M. E. (2009). Improving literacy of the visually impaired in Singapore: Pre-, post-and in-between literacy considerations. Journal of Reading and Literacy, 1(1), 107-115.
This paper underscores the importance of a multi-prong approach to literacy when considering literacy needs of the visually impaired in Singapore. While acquisition of literacy is often considered as a single prong approach, there is a need to satisfy the pre-literacy; post-literacy and in-between literacy needs if persons with visual impairments are to have equitable access to information. Each of these three prongs is considered in turn focusing particularly on braille, alternative formats and access to such mediums of communication for the visually impaired. These are critical given that it is through multiple modalities that the visually impaired are able to access a diversity of materials. The absence of information in one modality may be available in an alternative format. The needs also extend beyond the young as with the prospect of an aging society looming, the elderly who are predisposed to visual impairment will need to be equipped with literacy skills.
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