Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/14163
Title: 
A motivational analysis of project work in Singapore using self-determination theory
Authors: 
Keywords: 
Cooperative learning
Groupwork
Longitudinal study
Psychological needs
Self-determination theory
Issue Date: 
2011
Citation: 
Wang, J. C. K., Liu, W. C., Koh, C., Tan, O. S., & Ee, J. (2011). A motivational analysis of project work in Singapore using self-determination theory. The International Journal of Research and Review, 7(1), 45-66.
Abstract: 
Our students today face a knowledge-based economy, which requires the ability to learn
independently, to be innovative in using and synthesizing knowledge, and to adapt fast to
the changing world. Project Work (PW) is introduced as one of the instructional models for a more student-centered approach of learning in Singapore. The purpose of this study was to
examine the impact of project work (PW) and study the motivational processes of PW using a
self-determination theory (SDT) framework. A total of 435 students from Normal Academic
stream (NA) and Normal Technical stream (NT) were recruited from four secondary schools in Singapore. Students‟ perceptions of the values of PW, basic psychological needs, relative
autonomy, enjoyment, and grades were measured across three time points. Results showed
that students valued the PW experience. However, their enjoyment, needs, and relative autonomy decreased significantly in the 10 to 12 weeks of PW experience. Multiple regression analyses revealed that post-PW enjoyment negatively predicted PW grades, while psychological needs, relative autonomy and pre-PW enjoyment positively predicted post-PW enjoyment. After 6-month PW, post-PW enjoyment emerged as a stronger predictor than grades in predicting the perceived skills learned from PW. The study applies self-determination theory to the PW context and highlights the importance of facilitating the
three psychological needs in the PW context to enhance students‟ motivation and achievement in PW.
URI: 
ISSN: 
2094-1420
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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