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Motivational predictors of young adolescents’ participation in an outdoor adventure course: A self-determination theory approach
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Wang, J. C. K., Ang, R. P. -H., Teo-Koh, S. M., & Abdul Kahlid. (2004). Motivational predictors of young adolescents' participation in an outdoor adventure course: A self-determination theory approach. Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning, 4(1), 57-65.
Outdoor education is emerging as a compulsory component of the school curriculum in Singapore. As more and more young people are involved in outdoor education programmes, the motivational factors that influence students’ participation in outdoor activities is an important area of inquiry. The purpose of this study was to use a self-determination theory framework to examine post course satisfaction level among young adolescents. A total of 314 secondary school students aged from 12 to 16 years took part in the survey. Results showed that external regulation negatively predicted self-reported satisfaction whereas intrinsic motivation positively predicted participants’ satisfaction levels of the course. It is highlighted that young adolescents should not be coerced into outdoor education programmes. They should be provided with a meaningful rationale for participation and given some autonomy for decision-making in order to have a more positive and enjoyable experience during the programme.
This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning. The published version is available online at
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