Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/14931
Title: 
The “third” – order barrier for technology-integration instruction: Implications for teacher education
Authors: 
Issue Date: 
2012
Citation: 
Tsai, C. C., & Chai, C. S. (2012). The" third"-order barrier for technology-integration instruction: Implications for teacher education. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 28(Special issue, 6), 1057-1060.
Abstract: 
Technology integration is a major trend in contemporary education practice. When
undertaking technology integration in classrooms, a first-order barrier and a second-order
barrier, as proposed by Ertmer (1999), can hinder its implementation. The first-order
barrier is external, such as lack of adequate access, time, training and
institutional support. The second-order barrier includes teachers’ personal and
fundamental beliefs such as teachers’ pedagogical beliefs, technology beliefs,
willingness to change. This paper argues that the lack of design thinking by teachers
may be the “third”-order barrier for technology integration.
URI: 
ISSN: 
1449-5554
Other Identifiers: 
10.14742/ajet.810
Website: 
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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