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Hairon Salleh. (2003). Action research: From action research to critical action research. Excel as a tool to enhance learning of probability. In Research in and on the classroom: ERAS Conference 2003 Proceedings (pp. 632-637). Singapore: Educational Research Association of Singapore.
Although action research has been around and had been used for a couple of decades in the
world of academics and practitioners, its value and essence are often under appreciated. In the
Singapore education scene, some may perceive action research as beneficial especially with
the slew of recent reforms that demand greater accountability not only to the product, but also
the process of education such as the School Excellence Model (SEM) and External
Validation (EV). Some are given the choice between WITS (Work Improvement Teams) or
LCs (Learning Circles) – the latter is one form of action research. In this paper, the author
will provide the rationale for the use of action research in current change agenda, and
conclude by emphasising on the necessity for action research to be critical, reiterating the
salient proposition that “action research is a participatory, democratic process concerned with
developing practical knowing in the pursuit of worthwhile human purposes” (Reason and
Bradbury, 2001, p. 1).
This paper was published in the Proceedings of ERAS Conference held in Singapore from 19-21 November 2003
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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