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Tsoi, R. M. F., Goh, N. K., & Chia L. S. (1999, November/December). Practical multimedia courseware design for learner’s difficulties in chemical education. Paper presented at the NZARE-AARE Joint Conference, Melbourne, Australia.
The designing of multimedia chemistry courseware is a complex and challenging task for many instructional developers and writers especially in
the initial stage of the prototype to be developed. As such, this paper provides insights gained into some practical design considerations in
developing a multimedia courseware in chemical education at secondary school level. It concentrates on the early stage of the development process
and specific design tips or guidelines based on practical pedagogical experiences in courseware design and storyboard. Among the seven major
chemistry topics covered by the courseware as modules, two important modules, namely organic chemistry and experimental techniques are
selected to illustrate some salient design issues that are related to certain important learning principles. The three understanding levels (macro,
micro, and symbolic) related to learners’ difficulties in learning chemistry will also be addressed in the development of the courseware.
Implications for designing chemistry courseware, which emerge as a result of the design issues considered will also be discussed in the context of
both the multimedia producer and writer.
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