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Title: Longitudinal changes in physical fitness performance in youth: A multilevel latent growth curve modeling approach
Authors: Wang, John C. K.
Pyun, Do Young
Liu, Woon Chia
Lim, Carol Boon San
Li, Fuzhong
Keywords: Multilevel latent growth curve
Longitudinal change
Fitness tracking
Fitness testing
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Wang, C. K. J., Pyun, D. Y., Liu, W. C., Lim, B. S. C., & Li, F. (2013). Longitudinal changes in physical fitness performance in youth: A multilevel latent growth curve modeling approach. European Physical Education Review, 19(3), 329-346.
Abstract: Using a multilevel latent growth curve modeling (LGCM) approach, this study examined longitudinal change in levels of physical fitness performance over time (i.e., 4 years) in young adolescents aged from 12 to 13 years old. The sample consisted of 6,622 students from 138 secondary schools in Singapore. Initial analyses found between-school variation on fitness test scores with intraclass correlations ranging from .02 to .19. Subsequent multilevel growth curve analyses revealed a quadratic trend of the longitudinal data across five stations of performance tests, with significant within-school student variability in change over time. The result of the multilevel LGCM showed that the there were strong school effects on all the physical fitness performances, in addition to inter- and intra-individual differences.
Description: This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in European Physical Education Review. The published version is available online at
ISSN: 1356-336X
Other Identifiers: 10.1177/1356336X13495630
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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