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Affect and successful performance: A study on the tower of Hanoi and Nine-dot
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Lee, M. P., Tan, A. G., & Heller, K. A. (2008). Affect and successful performance: A study on the tower of Hanoi and Nine-dot. The Korean Journal of Thinking and Problem Solving, 18(1), 93-103.
A study was conducted to investigate the relation between positive affect, feeling,
task interest and performance. The participants of the study were 109 post
secondary students from the business school in Singapore. The age range was
between 17 and 20 years old (M = 18.13, SO= .70). The students of the study
solved two problems, the Tower of Hanoi task (paper and pen format, well-defined
task) and nine dot problem (insight task). Before problem solving, the participants
rated their mood using the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS,
Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988) and pleasantness rating of unfamiliar words
(lsen, Daubman, & Nowicki, 1987). After the tasks, they rated the PANAS and
task interest. The findings supported the hypotheses that there is a positive relation
between positive affect and successful task completion (Fredrickson, 1998),
between task interest and successful performance (Amabile, 1983 ). The findings
suggest a change in negative affect (lower than the initial state) as an indicator of
the presence of successful performance, particularly in solving a well-defined task
(Schwarz, 1990). The study expands the paradigm of inclusion of emotions in
regulating performance, including positive and negative affect, task interest and
general feeling.
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