Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/15705
Title: 
Validation of an instrument to monitor my students’ face-to-face philosophy ‘communities of inquiry’
Authors: 
Keywords: 
Community of inquiry
Constructivist Learning Environment Survey
Classroom learning environment
Issue Date: 
May-2006
Citation: 
Paper presented at the ERAS Conference, Singapore, 29-31 May 2006
Abstract: 
This paper focuses on the development and validation of a modified version of the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES) in a study of high school philosophy classrooms in Singapore that adopt the ‘community of inquiry’ approach. The modified CLES was administered to 1398 high ability students (grades 7-10) from 49 classes in an all-boy school from the central part of Singapore. Data analysis generally supported each scale’s factor structure, alpha reliability, discriminant validity and ability to differentiate between classrooms. Statistically significant relationships were also found between classroom environment and student outcomes.
URI: 
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