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Title: The role of virtual manipulatives on the concrete-pictorial-abstract approach in teaching primary mathematics
Authors: Lee, Ngan Hoe
Tan, Jeremy Boon Leong
Keywords: Virtual manipulatives
Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract approach
Primary mathematics
Issue Date: Jul-2012
Citation: Paper presented at the 12th International Congress on Mathematical Education (ICME-12), Seoul, Korea, 8-15 July 2012
Abstract: This abstract presentation summarises the work to review the key pedagogical approach advocated in Singapore Primary Mathematics Curriculum – the Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract Approach or C-P-A Approach in view of the changes brought about by technological advances. In particular, the Concrete-Virtual-Pictorial-Abstract Approach or C-V-P-A Approach is proposed to take into account the role that virtual manipulatives play in enriching the representations of mathematical concepts in the mathematics classrooms.
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