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Title: Parents as social context in youth sport: A validation of the PASCQ with adolescent Singapore athletes
Authors: Chew, Eugene Wai Cheong
Wang, John C. K.
Keywords: Parenting scale
Self-determination theory
Parenting dimensions
Student athletes
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Chew, E. W. C., & Wang, J. C. K. (2013). Parents as social context in youth sport: A validation of the PASCQ with adolescent Singapore athletes. International Sports Studies, 35(2), 34-46.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to validate the factorial validity of the Parents as Social Context Questionnaire for investigating parental influence in youth sport in a non-western cultural context. Data were collected from 258 secondary student athletes in Singapore. Using confirmatory factor analyses, the model fit for the hypothesised six-factor model was compared against that of the highly plausible alternative three-factor model. Analyses showed that scores obtained from the questionnaire are best represented by six unipolar factors and exhibited evidence of measurement model validity. Findings also indicated that the constructs of chaos and coercion as assessed by the questionnaire may not be perceived as distinct by the participants. The factorial validity of the questionnaire is supported by the findings. However, careful examination of the scores from the chaos and coercion subscales in future use of the questionnaire in a similar context is advised.
Description: This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in International Sports Studies. The published version is available online at
ISSN: 1443-0770
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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