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Title: Current sheath formation dynamics and structure for different insulator lengths of plasma focus device
Authors: Seng, Yeow Sing
Lee, Paul Choon Keat
Rawat, Rajdeep Singh
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Seng, Y. S., Lee, P., & Rawat, R. S. (2014). Current sheath formation dynamics and structure for different insulator lengths of plasma focus device. Physics of Plasmas, 21(11), 113508.
Abstract: The breakdown phase of the UNU-ICTP plasma focus (PF) device was successfully simulated using the electromagnetic particle in cell method. A clear uplift of the current sheath (CS) layer was observed near the insulator surface, accompanied with an exponential increase in the plasma density. Both phenomena were found to coincide with the surge in the electric current, which is indicative of voltage breakdown. Simulations performed on the device with different insulator lengths showed an increase in the fast ionization wave velocity with length. The voltage breakdown time was found to scale linearly with the insulator length. Different spatial profiles of the CS electron density, and the associated degree of uniformity, were found to vary with different insulator lengths. The ordering, according to the degree of uniformity, among insulator lengths of 19, 22, and 26 mm agreed with that in terms of soft X-ray radiation yield observed from experiments. This suggests a direct correlation between CS density homogeneity near breakdown and the radiation yield performance. These studies were performed with a linearly increasing voltage time profile as input to the PF device.
ISSN: 1089-7674 (online)
1070-664X (print)
Other Identifiers: 10.1063/1.4897930
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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