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Title: The effectiveness of keeper-independent penalty kicks using fake visual cues from penalty takers
Authors: Tay, Cheryl Sihui
Chow, Jia Yi
Koh, Michael
Button, Chris
Keywords: Deceptive cues
Penalty kick
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Tay, C. S., Chow, J. Y., Koh, M., & Button, C. (2012). The effectiveness of keeper-independent penalty kicks using fake visual cues from penalty takers. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 43(5), 403-419. 2012.43.403
Abstract: Previous research has shown that skilled football goalkeepers effectively utilised individualised visual search patterns to gather anticipatory cues from a penalty taker. Deceptive cues employed by a penalty taker induced lower save rates. However, it is unclear if goalkeeper visual search (percentage viewing time of areas of interest) differed between deceptive and non-deceptive conditions. This study investigated the effectiveness of using fake visual cues by the penalty taker, and corresponding visual search behaviours. Nine skilled goalkeepers simulated saves of 15 deceptive and 15 non-deceptive 2000ms clips by moving their hands left or right. Deception involved kicker's gaze direction and approach angle. Deceptive trials had a lower percentage save rate. When two deceptive cues were combined, performance was further impaired. Available data for four participants showed individualised visual search patterns. In conclusion, using deceptive cues by a penalty taker is effective and individualised visual search behaviour was present.
ISSN: 0047-0767
Other Identifiers: 10.7352/IJSP 2012.43.403
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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