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Title: Subjective evaluation of running footwear depends on country and assessment method: A bi-national study
Authors: Kong, Veni Pui Wah
Lim, Chen Yen
Ding, Rui
Thorsten, Sterzing
Keywords: Shoes
Visual analogue scale
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Kong, V. P. W., Lim, C. Y., Ding, R., & Thorsten, S. (2015). Subjective evaluation of running footwear depends on country and assessment method: A bi-national study. Ergonomics, 58(9), 1589-1604.
Abstract: This study examined 1) the perception of running shoes between China (Beijing) and Singapore, and 2) whether running shoe preference depended on assessment methods. One hundred (n=50 each country) Chinese males subjectively evaluated four shoe models during running using two assessment procedures. Procedure 1 used a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to assess five perception variables. Procedure 2 was a ‘Head-to-head’ comparison of two shoes simultaneously (e.g. left foot: A, right foot: B) to decide which model was preferred. VAS scores were consistently higher in Beijing participants (P<.001), indicating a higher degree of liking. Singapore participants used the lower end but a wider range of the 15-cm scale for shoe discrimination. Moderate agreement was seen between the VAS and 'Head-to-head' procedures, with only 14 out of 100 participants matched all 6 pairwise comparisons (median=4 matches). Footwear companies and researchers should be aware that subjective shoe preference may vary with assessment methods.
Description: This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Ergonomics. The published version is available online at
ISSN: 0014-0139 (print)
1366-5847 (online)
Other Identifiers: 10.1080/00140139.2015.1018957
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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