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dc.contributor.authorKong, Veni Pui Wah-
dc.contributor.authorLim, Chen Yen-
dc.contributor.authorDing, Rui-
dc.contributor.authorThorsten, Sterzing-
dc.identifier.citationKong, V. P. W., Lim, C. Y., Ding, R., & Thorsten, S. (2015). Subjective evaluation of running footwear depends on country and assessment method: A bi-national study. Ergonomics, 58(9), 1589-1604.
dc.identifier.issn0014-0139 (print)-
dc.identifier.issn1366-5847 (online)-
dc.descriptionThis is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Ergonomics. The published version is available online at
dc.description.abstractThis study examined 1) the perception of running shoes between China (Beijing) and Singapore, and 2) whether running shoe preference depended on assessment methods. One hundred (n=50 each country) Chinese males subjectively evaluated four shoe models during running using two assessment procedures. Procedure 1 used a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to assess five perception variables. Procedure 2 was a ‘Head-to-head’ comparison of two shoes simultaneously (e.g. left foot: A, right foot: B) to decide which model was preferred. VAS scores were consistently higher in Beijing participants (P<.001), indicating a higher degree of liking. Singapore participants used the lower end but a wider range of the 15-cm scale for shoe discrimination. Moderate agreement was seen between the VAS and 'Head-to-head' procedures, with only 14 out of 100 participants matched all 6 pairwise comparisons (median=4 matches). Footwear companies and researchers should be aware that subjective shoe preference may vary with assessment methods.en_US
dc.subjectVisual analogue scale-
dc.titleSubjective evaluation of running footwear depends on country and assessment method: A bi-national studyen_US
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