Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/17806
Title: 
Authors: 
Keywords: 
Competencies
Competences
Confucian framework
21st century education
skills
Issue Date: 
2013
Publisher: 
Policy and Leadership Studies (PLS) Academic Group, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Citation: 
PLS Working Papers Series, No. 2, pp 1-14
Series/Report no.: 
PLS Working Papers Series;2
Abstract: 
This paper proposes a Confucian
framework for 21st century education by
building upon an existing framework, the
Partnership for 21st Century Skills by P21.
It is argued that a Confucian framework
for the 21st century education will benefit
students and educators in four main ways.
First, by emphasising the centrality of li
(normative behaviours with corresponding
values and attitudes) in education, the
framework ensures that all aspects of a
student’s life, be it one’s career or the
learning of ICT and core subjects, are
undergirded by the pursuit of he
(harmony) and ren (loving others).
Second, the framework highlights the need
for students (and educators) to love and
enjoy learning while working towards the
betterment of all fellow human beings.
Third, the framework underscores the
important contributions of the family and
community towards an individual’s
identity formation and life goals. Finally,
the framework offers an integrated model where core academic subjects are
interconnected with a shared goal to
develop students to observe li beyond the
classroom to the world they live in.
URI: 
ISSN: 
2239-5249
Appears in Collections:Working Papers

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