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Title: Promoting spiritual ideals through design thinking in public schools
Authors: Tan, Charlene H. P. (Charlene Hwee Phio)
Wong, Yew Leong
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Tan, C., & Wong, Y. L. (2014). Promoting spiritual ideals through design thinking in public schools. International Journal of Children's Spirituality, 17(1), 25-37.
Abstract: Against a backdrop of the debates on the place of religious education in public or state schools, we argue for the introduction of spiritual ideals into the public school curriculum. We distinguish our notion of spiritual ideals from religious ideals as conceptualised by De Ruyter and Merry (2009). While we agree with De Ruyter and Merry that ideas drawn from religious/spiritual sources play a significant role in the students' identity formation, development into reasonable liberal democratic citizens, and flourishing as adults, we highlight some problems with the conception of religious ideals. Instead of religious ideals, we propose the promotion of spiritual ideals in schools using a design thinking approach that acknowledges and welcomes the students’ diversity in understandings of spirituality. We further give examples of student projects that illustrate the potential of design thinking as a pedagogical tool for students to acquire spiritual ideals.
Description: This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in International Journal of Children's Spirituality. The published version is available online at
ISSN: 1364-436X (print)
1469-8455 (online)
Other Identifiers: 10.1080/1364436X.2011.651714
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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