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Title: Self-construal and students’ math self-concept, anxiety and achievement: An examination of achievement goals as mediators
Authors: Luo, Wenshu
Hogan, David
Tan, Liang See
Berinderjeet Kaur
Ng, Pak Tee
Chan, Melvin Chee Yeen
Keywords: Self-construal
Achievement goals
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Luo, W., Hogan, D., Tan, L. S., Kaur, B., Ng, P. T., & Chan, M. (2014). Self‐construal and students’ math self‐concept, anxiety and achievement: An examination of achievement goals as mediators. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 17(3), 184–195.
Abstract: This study examines the role of self-construal in student learning by testing a mediation model: through math achievement goals, self-construal predicts math self-concept and anxiety, which further predict math achievement. A sample of 1196 students from 104 Singapore secondary classes took a survey and a math achievement test. The results from multi-group structural equation modeling supported measurement invariance and equal path coefficients in the mediation model between boys and girls. Interdependent self-construal predicted positively mastery approach and avoidance goals, through which interdependent self-construal had a positive total indirect effect on math anxiety. Independent self-construal predicted positively mastery approach, performance approach and performance avoidance goals, and through the two approach goals, high independent self-construal was associated with high math self-concept. Overall, self-construal was not associated with math achievement. The findings enhance our understanding of achievement motivation from a sociocultural perspective and help explain East Asian students’ relatively higher anxiety and lower self-concept in comparison with their Western counterparts reported in international studies.
Description: This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Asian Journal of Social Psychology. The published version is available online at
ISSN: 1367-2223 (print)
1467-839X (online)
Other Identifiers: 10.1111/ajsp.12058
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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