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Title: Maladjustment of bully-victims: Validation with three identification methods
Authors: Yang, An
Li, Xiang
Salmivalli, Christina
Keywords: Psychosocial adjustment
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Yang, A., Li, X., & Salmivalli, C. (2016). Maladjustment of bully-victims: Validation with three identification methods. Educational Psychology, 36(8), 1390-1407.
Abstract: Although knowledge on the psychosocial (mal)adjustment of bully-victims, children who bully others and are victimized by others, has been increasing, the findings have been principally gained utilizing a single method to identify bully-victims. The present study examined the psychosocial adjustment of bully-victims (as compared with pure bullies and pure victims) identified by Olweus’ global measures, peer-nominations, and a profile method based on Olweus’ multiple measures of bullying/victimization forms. The sample included 17,586 students from grades 3 to 8 (9 to 15 years old) in Finland. Bully-victims formed the smallest group, whose subjective experience of maladjustment differed from that of bullies, rather than that of victims. Both the prevalence and the relative maladjustment of bullyvictims varied across identification methods, gender, and school level.
Description: This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Educational Psychology. The published version is available online at
ISSN: 0144-3410 (print)
1469-5820 (online)
Other Identifiers: 10.1080/01443410.2015.1015492
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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