Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Emerging conceptions
Float and sink
Issue Date: 
Teo, T. W., & Yan, Y. K., & Ong, M, W. L. (2017). An investigation of Singapore preschool children’s emerging concepts of floating and sinking. Pedagogies: An International Journal, 12(4), 325-339.
Despite Singapore’s excellent science achievements in international benchmark tests such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), little is known about Singaporean children’s (aged 4-8) emerging science conceptions as formal science schooling begins at Grade 3 (aged 9). This paper builds on the well-established literature on preschool children’s emerging conceptions and play to illuminate children’s ideas about floating and sinking. Using narratives of a 90-minute activity involving a group of Singaporean children aged 6, we surfaced emerging conceptions that an object floats or sinks due to its weight, and that objects sink because water is “soft”—a conception that has not been reported in previous literature.We also observed a shift from binary discourse about floating and sinking to more graded descriptions (e.g. “sink a bit”) as the children played more. The play-based activity provided opportunities for the children’s emerging conceptions to be elicited because it was conceptually-oriented and created opportunities for social interactions. It allowed children who were not proficient in standard English to express their thinking in actions. In sum, this paper illustrates how play-based contexts could be used to identify children’s emerging conceptions. Early childhood educators in Singapore could pay greater attention to what children say and do during play as these offer rich grounds for identifying and developing children’s emerging conceptions.
This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Pedagogies: An International Journal. The published version is available online at
1554-480X (print)
1554-4818 (online)
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
284.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

Page view(s) 50

Last Week
Last month
checked on Apr 23, 2021

Download(s) 50

checked on Apr 23, 2021

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.