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Technological pedagogical content knowledge
Teachers' beliefs
Professional development
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Chai, C. S., Koh, J. H. L., Uma Natarajan, Tsai, P. S., Murni Ramli, & Ari Widodo. (2017).Surveying Indonesian teachers’ design belief and TPACK for 21st century oriented learning. In W. Chen, J.-C. Yang, A. F. Mohd Ayub, S. L. Wong, & A. Mitrovic (Eds.), Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Computers in Education (pp. 1001-1006). Retrieved from
This study validates a survey created to study Indonesia teachers’ beliefs about lesson design and their technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) for 21st century oriented learning. The teacher’s design beliefs, which is a new perspective in understanding teachers’ beliefs, consist of their view about their design disposition (DD), beliefs about the new culture of learning (BNCL), and their beliefs about teacher’s role as designer (TAD). The TPACK survey, which is also newly created, examines the teachers’ efficacy about their knowledge of using technology for active and constructive learning, authentic learning and collaborative learning instead of adopting the seven factors TPACK model. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis reveal that the six factors survey is valid and reliable. In addition, all factors are significantly correlated. Path analysis reveals that two of the teachers’ design beliefs (DD and BNCL) predict the teachers TPACK for 21st century oriented learning. The results imply that it is likely necessary to consider teachers’ design beliefs when teacher educators plan to foster teachers’ TPACK.
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