Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/19694
Title: 
Authors: 
Subjects: 
Achievement goals
Confirmatory factor analysis
Invariance
Uncorrelated-trait and uncorrelated-method
Issue Date: 
2017
Citation: 
Wang, J. C. K., Liu, W. C., Sun, Y., & Chua, L. L. (2017). Psychometric properties of the 3 × 2 achievement goal questionnaire for sport. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 15(5), 460-474. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2016.1142458
Abstract: 
The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the 3 x 2 achievement goal questionnaire for sport. A total of 475 university athletes (263 males, 212 females), ranging from 20 to 29 years of age (M = 24.27, SD = 2.30) took part in the study. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis supported the measurement model of the 3 x 2 achievement goal questionnaire as well as the invariance of the measurement model across gender and type of sport. There were inconsistent loadings to the hypothesised latent factors in the uncorrelated-trait and uncorrelated-method to support the existence of the dual meaning models. Generally, the 3 x 2 achievement goals were linked to other key variables central to the achievement goal literature in a theoretically coherent manner. This study supported the use of the 3 x 2 achievement goal measure in the sport domain. Finally, the findings suggest some cultural differences between Singaporean and Western athletes in the conceptualization of approach and avoidance tendencies.
Description: 
This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. The published version is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2016.1142458
URI: 
ISSN: 
1612-197X (print)
1557-251X (online)
DOI: 
File Permission: 
Open
File Availability: 
With file
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