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The use of imagery by developing and high performance soccer players
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Salmon, J., Hall, C., & Haslam, I. R. (1993, June). The use of imagery by developing and high performance soccer players. Paper presented at the International Sports Science Conference 93, Singapore.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the motivational and cognitive use of imagery by soccer players of various skill levels. The instrument developed and employed in this study was the Imagery Use Questionnaire for Soccer Players (IUQ-SP). The items primarily addressed when players use Imagery and whether a not it is used to assist with game strategies. individual skills. arousal levels and goal-oriented responses. The questionnaire was completed by 362 soccer players at the national, provincial and local levels. The results indicated that soccer players tended to use imagery more in conjunction with competition than training. Players also reported using imagery more for its motivational function than its cognitive function. In general, the elite athletes reported employing more imagery than non-elite athletes regardless of the function imagery served.
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