Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/20044
Title: 
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Issue Date: 
23-Jul-1998
Citation: 
Muhammad Ariff Ahmad. (1998). Kempen Bulan Bahasa: Dahulu dan sekarang [Language month campaign: Then and now].
Abstract: 
Teks ini mengenai kempen bulan bahasa pada masa dahulu (1960-an) dan sekarang (1970-an hingga 1990-an). Bahasa Melayu diisytiharkan sebagai Bahasa Kebangsaan Singapura pada Jun 1959 dan murid-murid sekolah diwajibkan belajar Bahasa Kebangsaan. Guru-guru khas diambil dan guru-guru daripada sekolah Melayu dihantar mengajar Bahasa Kebangsaan di sekolah-sekolah bukan Melayu. Ramai orang dewasa bukan Melayu telah turut belajar bahasa Melayu di kelas-kelas malam yang dianjurkan. Semenjak 1962, minggu-minggu Bahasa Kebangsaan diadakan dengan kegiatan-kegiatan seperti ceramah, peraduan cakap petah dan berdrama dalam Bahasa kebangsaan. Pada 1966, Sistem Pelajaran Kebangsaan diperkenalkan menggunakan bahasa Inggeris sebagai bahasa pengantar pelajaran dan bahasa ibunda diajarkan sebagai Bahasa Kedua. Tujuan Bahasa Kedua itu adalah untuk melestarikan budaya dan tradisi bangsa penutur bahasa itu. Pada 1980, Majlis Pusat mengadakan kempen BBM (Bulan Bahasa Melayu), dengan tema 'Gunakan bahasa Melayu yang betul'. Pada 1990 sebutan baku bahasa Melayu diperkenalkan kepada masyarakat pengguna bahasa Melayu dan pada 1992 BBM3 mengadakan Simposium Sebutan Baku bagi guru-guru Bahasa Melayu di sekolah-sekolah dan pengguna bahasa Melayu umum. Kesannya mendorong pemerintah untuk mengarahkan supaya sebutan baku diterapkan dalam pengajaran bahasa Melayu di sekolah-sekolah mulai 1993. Pada tahun itu juga, MBMS (Majlis Bahasa Melayu Singapura) telah mengeluarkan Anugerah Persuratan (Tun Seri Lanang) kepada jasawan persuratan, Anumerta kepada jasawan persuratan yang telah meninggal dunia, dan Hadiah Sastera kepada penulis yang karyanya dianggap bermutu. MBMS telah menetapkan juga supaya BBM diadakan pada tahun-tahun genap dan Anugerah Persuratan diberikan pada tahun-tahun ganjil.

This text is about the first Bulan Bahasa Melayu (Malay language month) campaign (1960s) till now (1970s-1990s). In June 1959, the Malay language was declared as the National Language of Singapore, and it became compulsory to learn in schools. Special teachers were recruited and teachers from Malay schools were sent to teach in non-Malay schools. Many non-Malay adults started to attend night classes to learn the Malay language. Since 1962, the National Language week was held with activities such as lectures, public speaking competitions and dramas in the National Language. In 1966, the National Education system was introduced, and English language became the language of education, while mother tongue languages were taught as a Second Language. The purpose of the Second Language is to preserve the culture and traditions of the native speaker. In 1980, Majlis Pusat campaigned with the theme ‘use the Malay language correctly’. In 1990, the standard Malay language pronunciation was introduced to the Malay language community. In 1992 BBM3 held a symposium to introduce the bahasa baku pronunciation to Malay Language teachers and the public. The results effectively encouraged the government to direct that the baku Malay language is to be applied in schools in 1993. During that year, MBMS (Majlis Bahasa Melayu Singapura) issued a literary award (Tun Seri Lanang) to writers of literary contributions, the Anumerta to confer contributions to deceased writers and literary awards to writers who wrote exceptionally. MBMS has declared that BBM will be held on the years with even number and the literary awards will be given out on the odd years.
URI: 
Related Source: 
Muhammad Ariff Ahmad. (1998, July 2). Azam dahulu, semangat sekarang. Berita Harian, 7.
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