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Coaches’ concerns with Psychological Skills Training (PST) in sport
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Haslam, I. R., & MacDonald, R. (1993, June). Coaches’ concerns with Psychological Skills Training (PST) in sport. Paper presented at the International Sports Science Conference 93, Singapore.
The purpose of this investigation was to identify, compare, and interpret the concerns that coaches with various levels of coaching expertise have about using Psychological Skills Training (PST) techniques with their athletes. Coaches' concerns were measured using the Stages of Concern (SoC) questionnaire which is a survey instrument that forms part of a curriculum implementation model known as the Concern Based Adoption Model (CBAM) (Hall. Wallace & Dossett 1973). An adapted version of this questionnaire was developed for this study so that it could be administered in sport settings. Subjects for the study were male and female coaches (N=284) who currently hold NCCP qualification or who were in the process of becoming NCCP qualified. The sample sizes for each NCCP level were: pre-Level One (n=31), Level One (n=71), Level Two (n=78), Level Three (n=92), Level Four (n=12). The results indicated that coaches have four types of concerns about using PST with their athletes that were relatively high in intensity (Informational, Personal, Consequence and Collaboration), two types of concerns that were moderate in intensity (Management and Refocusing) and one type of concern that was low in intensity (Awareness). Contrary to differences predicted by the CBAM, there were no significantly different or distinct "user concerns profiles" for the five coaching groups. However, for five of the seven Stages of Concern there were identifiable trends that suggested support for a developmental emergence of concerns for individuals adopting an innovative practice like PST.
This paper was presented at the International Sports Science Conference 93, held in Singapore from 9 – 11 June 1993
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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