Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/20474
Title: 
Authors: 
Issue Date: 
Jul-1995
Citation: 
Teh, G. P. L., & Fraser. B. J. (1995, July). Effect sizes associated with Prologbased learning environments. Paper presented at the 6th IFIP World Conference on Computers in Education, Birmingham, UK.
Abstract: 
This study of the efficacy of computer-assisted learning (CAL) is distinctive in that (1) the innovation in CAL made use of micro-Prolog, (2) traditional achievement and attitude outcomes were complemented by
measures of classroom psychosocial environment, and (3) the sample was drawn from the unique educational milieu provided by Singaporean schools. In contrast to past research, the use of micro-Prolog-based CAL in this study led to massive impact in terms of achievement (effect size of 3.5 standard deviations), attitudes (1 .4 standard deviations) and classroom environment (ranging from 0.1 to 1.9 standard deviations). These differences favoured the CAL group. Students in the CAL group had higher achievement and attitude scores, and they perceived their Prolog-based CAL classroom environments more favourably in terms of greater gender equity, investigation, innovation and resource adequacy.
Description: 
This paper was presented at the 6th IFIP World Conference on Computers in Education, held in Birmingham, UK from 23 - 28 Jul 1995
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