Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/21853
Title: 
Authors: 
Keywords: 
Southeast Asia
Outer Circle
Expanding Circle
Language policy
Models of English
English as a lingua franca
Intelligibility
Issue Date: 
2018
Citation: 
Low, E. L., & Ao, R. (2018). The Spread of English in ASEAN: Policies and issues. RELC Journal, 49(2), 131-148. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033688218782513
Abstract: 
The ASEAN region is home to great ethnic, cultural, political and economic diversity and linguistically, represents a region where both Outer and Expanding Circle varieties of English are spoken. English is designated as the sole working language of ASEAN but in reality, it has a different status and performs very different roles in each ASEAN member state. This paper first provides an overview of the spread of English in Southeast Asia. It then looks at English language policies in each of the Outer and Expanding Circle ASEAN countries, and discusses issues like models and norms of English spoken and intelligibility concerns. The paper concludes by emphasizing that global-local tensions in the use of English in each of the ASEAN contexts should be taken into consideration. There is also the need to strike a balance between the existing tensions in order for the region to compete in the 21st century globally connected landscape.
Description: 
This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in RELC Journal. The published version is available online at https://doi.org/10.1177/0033688218782513
URI: 
ISSN: 
0033-6882 (print)
1745-526X (online)
Other Identifiers: 
10.1177/0033688218782513
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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