Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/21951
Title: 
Authors: 
Keywords: 
Emerging technologies
Educational innovation
Artificial intelligence
Entropy
Bayesian network
Issue Date: 
2019
Citation: 
How, M. L., & Hung, D. W. L. (2019). Harnessing entropy via predictive analytics to optimize outcomes in the pedagogical system: An artificial intelligence-based bayesian networks approach. Education Sciences, 9(2), Article 158. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/educsci9020158
Abstract: 
Educational stakeholders would be better informed if they could use their students’ formative assessments results and personal background attributes to predict the conditions for achieving favorable learning outcomes, and conversely, to gain awareness of the “at-risk” signals to prevent unfavorable or worst-case scenarios from happening. It remains, however, quite challenging to simulate predictive counterfactual scenarios and their outcomes, especially if the sample size is small, or if a baseline control group is unavailable. To overcome these constraints, the current paper proffers a Bayesian Networks approach to visualize the dynamics of the spread of “energy” within a pedagogical system, so that educational stakeholders, rather than computer scientists, can also harness entropy to work for them. The paper uses descriptive analytics to investigate “what
has already happened?” in the collected data, followed by predictive analytics with controllable parameters to simulate outcomes of “what-if?” scenarios in the experimental Bayesian Network computational model to visualize how e ects spread when interventions are applied. The conceptual framework and analytical procedures in this paper could be implemented using Bayesian Networks software, so that educational researchers and stakeholders would be able to use their own schools’ data and produce findings to inform and advance their practice.
URI: 
ISSN: 
2227-7102 (online)
Other Identifiers: 
10.3390/educsci9020158
Website: 
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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