Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/21999
Title: 
Authors: 
Subjects: 
Cognitive development
Social inference
Bayesian model
Issue Date: 
2020
Citation: 
Bonawitz, E., Shafto, P., Yu, Y., Gonzalez, A., & Bridger, S. (2020). Children change their answers in response to neutral follow-up questions by a knowledgeable asker. Cognitive Science, 44(1), Article e12811. https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.12811
Abstract: 
Burgeoning evidence suggests that when children observe data, they use knowledge of the demonstrator’s intent to augment learning. We propose that the effects of social learning may go beyond cases where children observe data, to cases where they receive no new information at all. We present a model of how simply asking a question a second time may lead to belief revision, when the questioner is expected to know the correct answer. We provide an analysis of the CHILDES corpus to show that these neutral follow-up questions are used in parent–child conversations. We then present three experiments investigating 4- and 5-year-old children’s reactions to neutral follow-up questions posed by ignorant or knowledgeable questioners. Children were more likely to change their answers in response to a neutral follow-up question from a knowledgeable questioner than an ignorant one. We discuss the implications of these results in the context of common practices in legal, educational, and experimental psychological settings.
URI: 
ISSN: 
0364-0213 (print)
1551-6709 (online)
DOI: 
File Permission: 
Open
File Availability: 
With file
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
CS-44-1-e12811.pdf958.29 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open
Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

8
checked on Nov 22, 2022

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

8
checked on Nov 23, 2022

Page view(s)

70
checked on Nov 24, 2022

Download(s) 50

48
checked on Nov 24, 2022

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.