Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/22090
Title: 
Authors: 
Keywords: 
Amino acid
Ammonia
Calcification
Nitrogen
Symbiodinium
Zooxanthellae
Issue Date: 
2018
Citation: 
Chan, C. Y. L., Hiong, K. C., Boo, M. V., Choo, C. Y. L., Wong, W. P., Chew, S. F., & Ip, Y. K. (2018). Light exposure enhances urea absorption in the fluted giant clam, Tridacna squamosa, and up-regulates the protein abundance of a light-dependent urea active transporter, DUR3-like, in its ctenidium. Journal of Experimental Biology, 221(8), 1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.176313
Abstract: 
Giant clams live in nutrient-poor reef waters of the Indo-Pacific and rely on symbiotic dinoflagellates (Symbiodinium spp., also known as zooxanthellae) for nutrients. As the symbionts are nitrogen deficient, the host clam has to absorb exogenous nitrogen and supply it to them. This study aimed to demonstrate light-enhanced urea absorption in the fluted giant clam, Tridacna squamosa, and to clone and characterize the urea active transporter DUR3-like from its ctenidium (gill). The results indicate that T. squamosa absorbs exogenous urea, and the rate of urea uptake in the light was significantly higher than that in darkness. The DUR3-like coding sequence obtained from its ctenidium comprised 2346 bp, encoding a protein of 782 amino acids and 87.0 kDa. DUR3-like was expressed strongly in the ctenidium, outer mantle and kidney. Twelve hours of exposure to light had no significant effect on the transcript level of ctenidial DUR3-like. However, between 3 and 12 h of light exposure, DUR3-like protein abundance increased progressively in the ctenidium, and became significantly greater than that in the control at 12 h. DUR3-like had an apical localization in the epithelia of the ctenidial filaments and tertiary water channels. Taken together, these results indicate that DUR3-like might participate in light-enhanced urea absorption in the ctenidium of T. squamosa. When made available to the symbiotic zooxanthellae that are known to possess urease, the absorbed urea can be metabolized to NH3 and CO2 to support amino acid synthesis and photosynthesis, respectively, during insolation.
URI: 
ISSN: 
0022-0949 (print)
1477-9145 (online)
Other Identifiers: 
10.1242/jeb.176313
Website: 
Grant ID: 
R-154-000-A37-114
Funding Agency: 
Ministry of Education, Singapore
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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