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dc.contributor.authorXie, Aozhenen
dc.contributor.authorMaddalena, Francescoen
dc.contributor.authorWitkowski, Marcin E.en
dc.contributor.authorMakowski, Michalen
dc.contributor.authorMahler, Benoiten
dc.contributor.authorDrozdowski, Winicjuszen
dc.contributor.authorSpringham, Stuart Victoren
dc.contributor.authorCoquet, Philippeen
dc.contributor.authorDujardin, Christopheen
dc.contributor.authorMuhammad Danang Birowosutoen
dc.contributor.authorDang, Cuongen
dc.identifier.citationXie, A., Maddalena, F., Witkowski, M. E., Makowski, M., Mahler, B., Drozdowski, W., Springham, S. V., Coquet, P., Dujardin, C., Birowosuto, M. D., & Dang, C. (2020). Library of two-dimensional hybrid lead halide perovskite scintillator crystals. Chemistry of Materials, 32(19), 8530-8539.
dc.identifier.issn0897-4756 (print)-
dc.identifier.issn1520-5002 (online)-
dc.descriptionThis is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Chemistry of Materials. The published version is available online at
dc.description.abstractTwo-dimensional (2D) hybrid lead halide perovskites are potential candidates for high light yield scintillators as they have small band gaps between 3 and 4 eV and large exciton-binding energy. Here, we discuss the scintillation properties from a total of 11 organic/inorganic hybrid perovskite crystals with two already reported crystals, (PEA)<sub>2</sub>PbBr<sub>4</sub> and (EDBE)PbBr<sub>4</sub>. Their photoluminescence and X-ray luminescence (XL) spectra are dominated by narrow and broad band emissions, and they correspond to free exciton and self-trapped exciton, respectively. The lifetimes derived from time-resolved XL strongly vary from 0.6 to 17.0 ns. These values make this type of compound among the fastest scintillators. For the light yield derived from the XL, we found that only (PEA)<sub>2</sub>PbBr<sub>4</sub>, (EDBE)PbBr<sub>4</sub>, and (BA)<sub>2</sub>PbBr<sub>4</sub> crystals have light yields between 10,000 and 40,000 photons/MeV. The mechanisms for thermal quenching and afterglow are discussed in order to optimize the light yields. With gamma-ray excitation, we reported the best energy resolution of 7.7% at 662 keV with excellent proportionality. Finally, this study paves the way toward the ultimate high light yield and fast scintillators for medical and homeland security applications.en
dc.titleLibrary of two-dimensional hybrid lead halide perovskite scintillator crystalsen
dc.grant.fundingagencyMinistry of Education, Singaporeen
dc.grant.fundingagencyThales-CINTRA Fundingen
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