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Zhang, Y., Ang, H., Dinh, K. N., Rui, K., Lin, H., Zhu, J., & Yan, Q. (2020). Recent advances in vanadium-based cathode materials for rechargeable zinc-ion batteries. Materials Chemistry Frontiers. Advance online publication.
The fast depletion of lithium resources has led to active research work on other emerging electrochemical energy storage systems. Among those, many studies have focused on the development of cathode materials of zinc ion batteries for even higher energy efficiency, outstanding rate capability, remarkable power density, and longer lifetime. Vanadium-based nanomaterials show fast ion diffusion and excellent reversible capacity because of their rich valence state of vanadium, facile distortion of V–O polyhedrons, and tunable chemical composition, offering great opportunities for developing emerging energy storage technologies. This article systematically reviews vanadium-based nanomaterials in the cathode materials for zinc ion batteries, aiming to present a comprehensive discussion. Herein, we group vanadium-based cathode materials into three categories including vanadium oxides, vanadates, and vanadium phosphates. The cathode electrochemical performance, improvement strategies, structural stability, and zinc storage mechanism are reviewed in detail. Lastly, the existing bottlenecks and prospects are provided for further progressive research.
This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Materials Chemistry Frontiers. The published version is available online at
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Grant ID: 
National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 51872139)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 51902158)
NSF of Jiangsu Province (Grant no. BK20170045)
Recruitment Program of Global Experts (Grant no. 1211019)
“Six Talent Peak” Project of Jiangsu Province (Grant no. XCL-043)
“Six Talent Peak” Project of Jiangsu Province (Grant no. XCL-021)
Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (Grant no. 19KJB430002)
Academic Research Fund Tier 1 (Grant no. 2017-T1-02-009)
Academic Research Fund Tier 2 (Grant no. 2017-T2-2-069)
National Research Foundation of Singapore (NRF) Investigatorship, (Grant no. NRF2016NRF-NRFI001-22)
Funding Agency: 
Ministry of Education, Singapore
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