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Flipped learning
Pre-service teachers
Linear algebra
Issue Date: 
Ng, W. L., Teo, K. M., Wong, K. Y., & Kwan, K. L. (2020). Nature and perceptions of pre-class tasks used in a flipped linear algebra course for pre-service teachers. The Mathematician Educator, 1(2), 83-101.
In recent years, computer-based technology has enabled university lecturers to teach their courses using non-traditional pedagogies. One such pedagogy is the flipped learning model. As flipped learning is being used more frequently to teach undergraduate mathematics, instructors need to collect data to identify practices that work well to promote student mathematics achievement and favourable perceptions toward this new learning mode. This paper describes six different types of pre-class tasks for a flipped Linear Algebra II course in a Singapore university, such as short videos narrated by the instructor, synopses, summary sheets, worksheets of problems and activities, and online quizzes. The sample comprised 15 pre-service teachers, who had adequate to good mathematics backgrounds, and their participation in this project would prepare them to implement flipped learning in school mathematics in the future. On average, they spent about one hour to complete these weekly pre-class tasks, but the stronger ones reported spending less time on these tasks than the other students. Almost all the students rated very highly these tasks in terms of helping them to learn and enjoyment at mid-semester and end-of-course surveys. These perceptions had weak correlations with the course grade. Suggestions for practice and future research are discussed.
Project number: 
OER 12/17 NWL
Grant ID: 
Education Research Funding Programme
Funding Agency: 
Ministry of Education, Singapore
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