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Cos lettuce
LED lighting
Photosynthetic capacities
Plant growth
Tropical greenhouse
Issue Date: 
He, J., Nur Khairunnisa Jawahir, & Qin, L. (2021). Quantity of supplementary LED lightings regulates photosynthetic apparatus, improves photosynthetic capacity and enhances productivity of Cos lettuce grown in a tropical greenhouse. Photosynthesis Research. Advance online publication.
Although cooling their rootzone allows year-round (temperate) vegetable production in Singapore's warm climate, these crops have frequently experienced increasingly unpredictable cloudy and hazy weather. Supplementary lighting with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) could be used to reduce the impacts of low light intensity. This study investigated the responses of temperate Cos lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) to different quantities (photosynthetic photon flux density, PPFD of 0, 150, 300 µmol m−2 s−1) of supplementary LED lightings in the tropical greenhouse. Increasing light intensity significantly increased total leaf area, shoot and root fresh weight (FW) and dry weight (DW), total chlorophyll (Chl) and carotenoids (Car) contents, light-saturated photosynthetic CO2 assimilation rate (Asat) and transpiration rate (Tr). There were no significant differences in Fv/Fm ratio, total reduced nitrogen, specific leaf area (SLA) and PSII concentration among the three light treatments. However, there was an increasing trend with increasing light intensity for Chl a/b ratio, net photosynthetic O2 evolution rate (PN), cytochrome b6f (Cyt b6f), leaf total soluble protein and Rubisco concentrations. This study provides the basic understanding of photosynthetic apparatus and capacity of temperate crops grown under different supplementary LED lightings in the tropical greenhouse.
This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Photosynthesis Research. The published version is available online at
0166-8595 (print)
1573-5079 (online)
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Funding Agency: 
National Institute of Education, Singapore
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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