Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/22765
Title: 
Authors: 
Subjects: 
21CC
Band
CCA
Creativity
Collaboration
Flow
Issue Date: 
2020
Publisher: 
Office of Education Research, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Citation: 
Tan, L., Dairianathan, E., Costes-Onishi, P. G., & Tan, J. P.-L. (2020). Developing 21CC through band: An exploratory study of the “Four Cs”. National Institute of Education (Singapore), Office of Education Research.
Abstract: 
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND
In Singapore, the Ministry of Education (MOE) emphasises the importance of developing 21CC through Co-Curricular Activities (CCA). For example, the Handbook for the Co-Curriculum states that there ought to be an “intentional design” of CCA activities such that they create “authentic opportunities” for students to “practise” the 21CC (MOE, 2014, p. 16). This includes the development of 21CC through music CCAs, such as the school band.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Sentiments on the ground, however, suggest that many band directors see the development of these competencies already implicit in current practice. Furthermore, there is no research in Singapore that has empirically examined the assumption that 21CC can be developed through music CCAs. There appears a need for empirical data to determine if and how 21CC are being developed by school band programmes as currently practised. This would also render any form of formal intervention more organic, persuasive, and authentic.

PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the development of 21CC through the school band; it aims to render explicit what might already be implicit in current practice. To achieve these goals, two high performing school bands (one Primary and one Secondary) were examined over a period of one year.
Description: 
Note: Restricted to NIE staff only. Contact author for access to report.
URI: 
Project number: 
OER 17/15 TYC
Grant ID: 
Education Research Funding Programme (ERFP)
Funding Agency: 
Ministry of Education, Singapore
Appears in Collections:OER - Reports

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