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Pinning-assisted out-of-plane anisotropy in reverse stack FeCo/FePt intermetallic bilayers for controlled switching in spintronics
Garima Vashisht, Utkarsh Shashank, Surbhi Gupta, Rohit Medwal, Dong, C. L., Chen, C. L., Asokan Kandasami, Fukuma, Y., & Annapoorni Subramanian. (2021). Pinning-assisted out-of-plane anisotropy in reverse stack FeCo/FePt intermetallic bilayers for controlled switching in spintronics. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 877, Article 160249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.160249.
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Recent rapid progress in magnetic storage and processing devices require controlled characteristics of good thermal stability of magnetization (high coercive field) as well as low switching field which is possible by multilayer and nano-structuring. Here we study the implications of FeCo underlayer and overlayer on the static and dynamic magnetic properties of FeCo/FePt exchange spring system along with post annealing kinetics. Probing of FePt/FeCo/Si and FeCo/FePt/Si bilayers using high energy synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction by varying glancing angles unveiled structural variations at the interface, where FeCo is observed to inhibit the crystalline growth of FePt. The hysteresis loop establishes soft ferromagnetic in-plane behaviour and defect-driven hard ferromagnetic properties in the outplane configuration. In addition to the out-plane hysteresis, the magnetization dynamics studied by Ferromagnetic Resonance depicts an out-plane magnetization component of FePt only in FeCo/FePt/Si. X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy in the Fe, Co and Pt L-edge regions reveal dissimilar interface in the two series due to thermal agitation effects. Fe and Co Kedges ensure similar local coordination of Co immaterial of stack order, contrary to altered local geometry of Fe observed in the two series ascribed to varied crystallinity of FePt. Such structures are useful for spin-wave assisted low field magnetization switching.
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