Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/24448
Title: 
Authors: 
Keywords: 
LPS
Indoor GPS
Sensors
Defensive organization
External workload
Issue Date: 
2022
Citation: 
Guignard, B., Karcher, C., Reche, X., Font, R., & Komar, J. (2022). Contextualizing physical data in professional handball: Using local positioning systems to automatically define defensive organizations. Sensors, 22(15), Article 5692. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22155692
Journal: 
Sensors
Abstract: 
In handball, the way the team organizes itself in defense can greatly impact the player’s activity and displacement during the play, therefore impacting the match demands. This paper aims (1) to develop an automatic tool to detect and classify the defensive organization of the team based on the local positioning system data and check its classification quality, and (2) to quantify the match demands per defensive organization, i.e., defining a somehow cost of specific defensive organizations. For this study, LPS positional data (X and Y location) of players from a team in the Spanish League were analyzed during 25 games. The algorithm quantified the physical demands of the game (distance stand, walk, jog, run and sprint) broken down by player role and by specific defensive organizations, which were automatically detected from the raw data. Results show that the different attacking and defending phases of a game can be automatically detected with high accuracy, the defensive organization can be classified between 1–5, 0–6, 2–4, and 3–3. Interestingly, due to the highly adaptive nature of handball, differences were found between what was the intended defensive organization at a start of a phase and the actual organization that can be observed during the full defensive phase, which consequently impacts the physical demands of the game. From there, quantifying for each player role the cost of each specific defensive organization is the first step into optimizing the use of the players in the team and their recovery time, but also at the team level, it allows to balance the cost (i.e., physical demand) and the benefit (i.e., the outcome of the defensive phase) of each type of defensive organization.
URI: 
ISSN: 
1424-8220
DOI: 
File Permission: 
Open
File Availability: 
With file
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