Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/24453
Title: 
Authors: 
Keywords: 
Listening comprehension assessment
Non-invasive neurotechnologies
Eye-tracking
Functional nearinfrared spectroscopy
Metacognitive awareness
Issue Date: 
2022
Citation: 
Zhai, J., & Aryadoust, V. (2022). The metacognitive and neurocognitive signatures of test methods in academic listening. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. Article 930075. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.930075
Journal: 
Frontiers in Psychology
Abstract: 
This study aims to investigate whether and how test takers’ academic listening test performance is predicted by their metacognitive and neurocognitive process under different test methods conditions. Eighty test takers completed two tests consisting of while-listening performance (WLP) and post-listening performance (PLP) test methods. Their metacognitive awareness was measured by the Metacognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaire (MALQ), and gaze behavior and brain activation were measured by an eye-tracker and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), respectively. The results of automatic linear modeling indicated that WLP and PLP test performances were predicted by different factors. The predictors of WLP test performance included two metacognitive awareness measures (i.e., person knowledge and mental translation) and fixation duration. In contrast, the predictors of the PLP performance comprised two metacognitive awareness measures (i.e., mental translation and directed attention), visit counts, and importantly, three brain activity measures: the dmPFC measure in the answering phase, IFG measure in the listening phase, and IFG measure in the answering phase. Implications of these findings for language assessment are discussed.
URI: 
ISSN: 
1664-1078 (online)
DOI: 
Project number: 
RI 1/18 VSA
Grant ID: 
SISU202144
Funding Agency: 
National Institute of Education, Singapore
Sichuan International Studies University
File Permission: 
Open
File Availability: 
With file
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