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Tan, A. G. (1998). Singaporean children's views of desirable activities and useful activities for fostering creativity. Educational Research Journal, 13(2), 197-220.
Singaporean children's views of activities that they desire in the classroom and that they consider useful for fostering creativity are investigated. In the first study, 225 children (age 9-12 years) rated on a 5-Likert scale the degree of desirability of 25 activities that they wish to have. Three interpretative factors were identified. Factor 1 refers to conventional activities that take place every day (e.g., doing worksheet, spelling words). Factor 2 consists of alternative activities that can generate different learning atmospheres (e.g., games, riddles, learning computer skills). Factor 3 represents activities that demand children's active involvement (e.g., role-plays, project work). In the second study, 115 children (9-12 years old) rated the degree of usefulness of the same activities for fostering creativity on a 5-Likert scale. Four interpretative factors were identified. Factor 1 is defined as basic knowledge acquisition (e.g., reading, teacher demonstration). Factor 2 consists of activities that can generate enjoyment in classroom learning (e.g., quizzes, competition). Factor 3 represents activities that challenge children's independent learning skills (e.g., writing, project work). Factor 4 is composed of two activities related to the acquisition of multimedia expertise (learning computer and video show). Discussion on the inclusion of children's views in classroom learning is presented.
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