Now showing 1 - 10 of 20
  • Publication
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    The roles of self-efficacy beliefs and teacher-student relationship (TSR) in student engagement: Perspective from Normal stream students
    (Office of Education Research, National Institute of Education, Singapore, 2024) ; ; ; ;
    Express stream students rank amongst the top in international benchmarking comparisons in TIMMS and PISA, but those from the Normal Academic and Normal Technical streams obtain lower-than-average scores comparable to students from developing countries. Although a differentiated program has been specially tailored to cater to their pace of learning, many still fail to perform because educators may not have adequately considered the circumstances under which they are willing to participate and learn. Substantial research indicates that besides academics, a range of social, psychological, interpersonal and emotional factors also contribute to educational performance and achievement. To gain perspective on the respective contribution of multiple factors and encapsulate the systemic influences at individual and contextual factors on the long-term academic and non-academic trajectories of these students, this study uses a student engagement framework to unravel the educational challenges facing Normal stream students. Student engagement refers to a student’s active involvement in a task or activity and it captures the gradual process by which they connect with or disconnect from school. This framework describes students’ feelings (affective), behaviours and thoughts (cognitive) about their school experiences, and is predominantly used to understand student problems associated with significant academic or discipline problems and eventual school dropout in research situated in western contexts.
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  • Publication
    Restricted
    Evaluation of the CARE PowerCharged program: Its impact on secondary 1 normal technical students of project
    (2006-03) ;
    Neubronner, Marion
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    Oh, Su-Ann
    "This report presents the findings of the evaluation of the CARE Powercharged Program delivered to Secondary 1 Normal Technical students in three schools in 2005. ... In Singapore, there are few evaluations conducted on school-based intervention programs. It is necessary to evaluate these programs to ascertain if there are any impacts and what they are. At the same time, there is limited research on students in the Normal Technical stream. Evaluation and research are particularly important as 1) we need to understand students' learning needs, and 2) there is strong interest in understanding, strengthening and improving the learning experience of students in Normal Technical classes in the current policy climate."-- [p. 1] of executive summary.
      146  24
  • Publication
    Open Access
    How teacher-student relationship influenced student attitude towards teachers and school
    This study examines the influence of both student and teacher perception of the student-teacher relationship on student's attitude towards teachers and school. It also seeks to explore any gender differences in the perception of teacher-student relationship between male and female adolescents. A sample of 1,266 students (541 girls and 725 boys) from six different middle schools in Singapore participated in this study. Findings indicated that gender differences were observed for certain dimensions in the teacher-student relationship predicting their attitude towards teachers and school. Possible explanations for the obtained results were suggested and implications of the findings were also discussed.
      3736  11566
  • Publication
    Open Access
    An analysis of blinding success in a randomised controlled trial of fish oil omega-3 fatty acids
    (2015)
    Liu, Jean C. J.
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    Raine, Adrian
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    Fung, Daniel S. S.
    Introduction: Incidental reports collected in clinical trials suggest that amongst participants, omega-3 fatty acids derived from fi sh oil (‘omega-3’) may be difficult to blind. Materials and Methods: We conducted a systematic evaluation of blinding success in a 24-week trial of omega-3 versus an oil-based placebo. Within 1 week of supplement commencement (Week 1), a blinding questionnaire was completed by 131 children enrolled in a trial of omega-3 for the treatment of disruptive behaviour disorders. A version of the questionnaire was also completed by their parents at Week 1, and by the children at the end of supplement administration (Week 24). Results: Participants were unable to differentiate omega-3 from placebo, and accuracy did not improve as a function of: the confidence of guesses, reason for guesses, notice of any change, beliefs about what should change, or time. Child and parent guesses also showed high concordance. Conclusion: Taken together, these data provide strong evidence that the identity of omega-3 can be blinded to participants.
      164  145
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Structure of dark triad dirty dozen across eight world regions
    (2020)
    Rogoza, Radoslaw
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    Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Magdalena
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    Jonason, Peter K.
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    Piotrowski, Jarosław
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    Campbell, Keith W.
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    Gebauer, Jochen E.
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    Maltby, John
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    Sedikides, Constantine
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    Adamovic, Mladen
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    Adams, Byron G.
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    Ardi, Rahkman
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    Atitsogbe, Kokou A.
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    Baltatescu, Sergiu
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    Bilić, Snežana
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    Bodroža, Bojana
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    Brulin, Joel Gruneau
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    Harshalini Yashita Bundhoo Poonoosamy
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    Chaleeraktrakoon, Trawin
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    Dominguez, Alejandra Del Carmen
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    Dragova-Koleva, Sonya
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    El-Astal, Sofián
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    Eldesoki, Walaa Labib M.
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    Gouveia, Valdiney V.
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    Gundolf, Katherine
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    Ilisko, Dzintra
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    Jukić, Tomislav
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    Kamble, Shanmukh V.
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    Khachatryan, Narine
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    Klicperova-Baker, Martina
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    Kovacs, Monika
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    Kozytska, Inna
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    Fernandez, Aitor Larzabal
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    Lehmann, Konrad
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    Lei, Xuejun
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    Liik, Kadi
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    McCain, Jessica
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    Milfont, Taciano L.
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    Nehrlich, Andreas
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    Osin, Evgeny
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    Özsoy, Emrah
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    Park, Joonha
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    Ramos-Diaz, Jano
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    Riđić, Ognjen
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    Abdul Qadir
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    Adil Samekin
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    Habib Tiliouine
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    Tomsik, Robert
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    Umeh, Charles S.
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    van den Bos, Kees
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    Van Hiel, Alain
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    Vauclair , Christin-Melanie
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    Włodarczyk, Anna
    The Dark Triad (i.e., narcissism, psychopathy, Machiavellianism) has garnered intense attention over the past 15 years. We examined the structure of these traits’ measure—the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (DTDD)—in a sample of 11,488 participants from three W.E.I.R.D. (i.e., North America, Oceania, Western Europe) and five non-W.E.I.R.D. (i.e., Asia, Middle East, non-Western Europe, South America, sub-Saharan Africa) world regions. The results confirmed the measurement invariance of the DTDD across participants’ sex in all world regions, with men scoring higher than women on all traits (except for psychopathy in Asia, where the difference was not significant). We found evidence for metric (and partial scalar) measurement invariance within and between W.E.I.R.D. and non-W.E.I.R.D. world regions. The results generally support the structure of the DTDD.
    WOS© Citations 38Scopus© Citations 41  316  615
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Feasibility trial of virtual reality exposure therapy for selective mutism
    (2021)
    Tan, Yi Ren
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    Ooi, Yoon Phaik
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    Goh, Dion H
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    Kwan, Clare
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    Fung, Daniel SS
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    Sung, Sharon C
    Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) has been commonly utilised as an extension of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). However, most studies examined its effectiveness among adults, with no study focusing on children with selective mutism (SM). We aimed to examine its feasibility and acceptability among children with SM. Twenty children aged 6–12 with SM diagnosis were recruited and completed six therapist-guided VRET sessions. Parents and clinicians completed measures at pre-VRET, post-VRET, 1-month and 3-month follow-up visits. At post-VRET, parent and child participants completed the acceptability questionnaires. Findings suggested the feasibility of VRET as all participants completed the programme with no attrition. Parents and child participants also reported VRET to be an acceptable and effective treatment for SM. Significant improvement in overall functioning were found at post-treatment and follow-up measures, but there were no significant changes in parent-rated speech frequency and anxiety measures. These support the acceptability of VRET as an adjunct modality (and not substitute) of CBT in SM treatment. Future studies, with more robust experimental designs and larger sample sizes, can be conducted to confirm its efficacy. As technology becomes more sophisticated, tools such as virtual environments can be explored to enhance evidence-based care for children and their families.
    WOS© Citations 3Scopus© Citations 4  35
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Re-examining of Moffitt’s theory of delinquency through agent based modeling
    (2015)
    Leaw, Jia Ning
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    Chan, Wei Teng
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    Cheong, Siew Ann
    Moffitt’s theory of delinquency suggests that at-risk youths can be divided into two groups, the adolescence- limited group and the life-course- persistent group, predetermined at a young age, and social interactions between these two groups become important during the adolescent years. We built an agent-based model based on the microscopic interactions Moffitt described: (i) a maturity gap that dictates (ii) the cost and reward of antisocial behavior, and (iii) agents imitating the antisocial behaviors of others more successful than themselves, to find indeed the two groups emerging in our simulations. Moreover, through an intervention simulation where we moved selected agents from one social network to another, we also found that the social network plays an important role in shaping the life course outcome.
    WOS© Citations 8Scopus© Citations 8  335  235