- Kwek Leong Chuan

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# Kwek Leong Chuan

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Kwek Leong Chuan

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leongchuan.kwek@nie.edu.sg

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Natural Sciences & Science Education (NSSE)

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7006483792

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- PublicationOpen AccessIncorporating nature of science elements in A-level physics lessons in Singapore.(National Institute of Education (Singapore), 2020)
;Subramaniam, R. (Ramanathan) ;Wong, Choun Pei ;Wee, Andrew; ;Sow, Chorng Haur ;Chew, CharlesWong, DarrenShow more 184 99 - PublicationOpen AccessLuttinger liquid of photons and spin-charge separation in hollow-core fibers(2011)
;Angelakis, Dimitris G. ;Huo, Ming-Xia ;Kyoseva, ElicaShow more In this work we show that light-matter excitations (polaritons) generated inside a hollow-core onedimensional fiber filled with two types of atoms, can exhibit Luttinger liquid behavior. We first explain how to prepare and drive this quantum-optical system to a strongly interacting regime, described by a bosonic two-component Lieb-Liniger model. Utilizing the connection between strongly interacting bosonic and fermionic systems, we then show how spin-charge separation could be observed by probing the correlations in the polaritons. This is performed by first mapping the polaritons to propagating photon pulses and then measuring the effective photonic spin and charge densities and velocities by analyzing the correlations in the emitted photon spectrum. The necessary regime of interactions is achievable with current quantum-optical technology.Show more WOS© Citations 40 306 152Scopus© Citations 41 - PublicationOpen AccessDigital quantum simulation of the spin-boson model under Markovian open-system dynamics(2022)
;Burger, Andreas; Poletti, DarioShow more Digital quantum computers have the potential to simulate complex quantum systems. The spin-boson model is one of such systems, used in disparate physical domains. Importantly, in a number of setups, the spin-boson model is open, i.e., the system is in contact with an external environment which can, for instance, cause the decay of the spin state. Here, we study how to simulate such open quantum dynamics in a digital quantum computer, for which we use an IBM hardware. We consider in particular how accurate different implementations of the evolution result as a function of the level of noise in the hardware and of the parameters of the open dynamics. For the regimes studied, we show that the key aspect is to simulate the unitary portion of the dynamics, while the dissipative part can lead to a more noise resistant simulation. We consider both a single spin coupled to a harmonic oscillator, and also two spins coupled to the oscillator. In the latter case, we show that it is possible to simulate the emergence of correlations between the spins via the oscillator.Show more WOS© Citations 1 45 34Scopus© Citations 2 - PublicationOpen AccessPhase diffusion and the small-noise approximation in linear amplifiers: Limitations and beyond(2019)
;Chia, Andy ;Hajdušek, Michal ;Fazio, Rosario; Vedral, VlatkoShow more The phase of an optical field inside a linear amplifier is widely known to diffuse with a diffusion coefficient that is inversely proportional to the photon number. The same process occurs in lasers which limits its intrinsic linewidth and makes the phase uncertainty difficult to calculate. The most commonly used simplification is to assume a narrow photon-number distribution for the optical field (which we call the small-noise approximation). For coherent light, this condition is determined by the average photon number. The small-noise approximation relies on (i) the input to have a good signal-to-noise ratio, and (ii) that such a signal-to-noise ratio can be maintained throughout the amplification process. Here we ask: For a coherent input, how many photons must be present in the input to a quantum linear amplifier for the phase noise at the output to be amenable to a small-noise analysis? We address these questions by showing how the phase uncertainty can be obtained without recourse to the small-noise approximation. It is shown that for an ideal linear amplifier (i.e. an amplifier most favourable to the small-noise approximation), the small-noise approximation breaks down with only a few photons on average. Interestingly, when the input strength is increased to tens of photons, the small-noise approximation can be seen to perform much better and the process of phase diffusion permits a small-noise analysis. This demarcates the limit of the small-noise assumption in linear amplifiers as such an assumption is less true for a nonideal amplifier.Show more WOS© Citations 5 274 45Scopus© Citations 4 - PublicationOpen AccessChip-based quantum key distribution(2021)
; ;Cao, Lin ;Luo, Wei ;Wang, Yinxiang ;Sun, Shihai ;Wang, Xiang-BinLiu, Ai QunShow more Quantum key distribution is a matured quantum science and technology. Over the last 20 years, there has been substantial research and development in this area. Recently, silicon technology has offered tremendous promise in the field for improved miniaturization of quantum key distribution through integrated photonic chips. We expect further progress in this area both in terms of protocols, photon sources, and photon detectors. This review captures some of the recent advances in this area.Show more 111 112Scopus© Citations 109 - PublicationOpen AccessTwo-dimensional network of atomtronic qubits(2018)
;Safaei, Shabnam ;Gremaud, Benoit ;Dumke, Rainer; ;Amico, LuigiMiniatura, ChristianShow more Through a combination of laser beams, we engineer a 2D optical lattice of Mexican hat potentials able to host atoms in its ring-shaped wells. When tunneling can be ignored (at high laser intensities), we show that a well-de ned qubit can be associated with the states of the atoms trapped in each of the rings. Each of these two-level systems can be manipulated by a suitable con guration of Raman laser beams imprinting a synthetic ux onto each Mexican hat cell of the lattice. Overall, we believe that the system has the potential to form a scalable architecture for atomtronic ux qubits.Show more Scopus© Citations 5 115 72WOS© Citations 5 - PublicationOpen AccessPhotonic multiqubit states from a single atom(2011)
;Li, Ying ;Aolita, LeandroShow more We propose a protocol for the creation of photonic Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and linear cluster states emitted from a single atom—or ion— coupled to an optical cavity field. The method is based on laser pulses with different polarizations and exploits the atomic transition amplitudes to state-selectively achieve the desired transitions. The scheme lies within reach of current technology.Show more Scopus© Citations 7 253 87WOS© Citations 7 - PublicationOpen AccessHardy’s paradox for high-dimensional systems(2013)
;Chen, Jing-Ling ;Cabello, Adan ;Xu, Zhen-Peng ;Su, Hong-Yi ;Wu, ChunfengShow more Hardy’s proof is considered the simplest proof of nonlocality. Here we introduce an equally simple proof that (i) has Hardy’s as a particular case, (ii) shows that the probability of nonlocal events grows with the dimension of the local systems, and (iii) is always equivalent to the violation of a tight Bell inequality. Our proof has all the features of Hardy’s and adds the only ingredient of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen scenario missing in Hardy’s proof: It applies to measurements with an arbitrarily large number of outcomes.Show more Scopus© Citations 32 144 105WOS© Citations 29 - PublicationOpen AccessFisher information as general metrics of quantum synchronization(2023)
;Shen, Yuan ;Soh, Hong Yi; Fan, WeijunShow more Quantum synchronization has emerged as a crucial phenomenon in quantum nonlinear dynamics with potential applications in quantum information processing. Multiple measures for quantifying quantum synchronization exist. However, there is currently no widely agreed metric that is universally adopted. In this paper, we propose using classical and quantum Fisher information (FI) as alternative metrics to detect and measure quantum synchronization. We establish the connection between FI and quantum synchronization, demonstrating that both classical and quantum FI can be deployed as more general indicators of quantum phase synchronization in some regimes where all other existing measures fail to provide reliable results. We show advantages in FI-based measures, especially in 2-to-1 synchronization. Furthermore, we analyze the impact of noise on the synchronization measures, revealing the robustness and susceptibility of each method in the presence of dissipation and decoherence. Our results open up new avenues for understanding and exploiting quantum synchronization.Show more 35 11 - PublicationOpen AccessExponential quadratic operators and evolution of bosonic systems coupled to a heat bath(2010)
;Ni, Xiao-Tong ;Liu, Yu-Xi; Wang, Xiang-BinShow more Using exponential quadratic operators, we present a general framework for studying the exact dynamics of system-bath interaction in which the Hamiltonian is described by the quadratic form of bosonic operators. To demonstrate the versatility of the approach, we study how the environment affects the squeezing of quadrature components of the system. We further propose that the squeezing can be enhanced when parity kicks are applied to the system.Show more 337 112