Kwek Leong Chuan
Molecular property prediction with photonic chip-based machine learning
2022, Zhang, Hui, Lau, Jonathan Wei Zhong, Wan, Lingxiao, Shi, Liang, Shi, Yuzhi, Cai, Hong, Luo, Xianshu, Lo, Guo Qiang, Lee, Chee Kong, Kwek, Leong Chuan, Liu, Ai Qun
Machine learning methods have revolutionized the discovery process of new molecules and materials. However, the intensive training process of neural networks for molecules with ever-increasing complexity has resulted in exponential growth in computation cost, leading to long simulation time and high energy consumption. Photonic chip technology offers an alternative platform for implementing neural networks with faster data processing and lower energy usage compared to digital computers. Photonics technology is naturally capable of implementing complex-valued neural networks at no additional hardware cost. Here, the capability of photonic neural networks for predicting the quantum mechanical properties of molecules is demonstrated. To the best of knowledge, this work is the first to harness photonic technology for machine learning applications in computational chemistry and molecular sciences, such as drug discovery and materials design. It is further shown that multiple properties can be learned simultaneously in a photonic chip via a multi-task regression learning algorithm, which is also the first of its kind as well, as most previous works focus on implementing a network in the classification task.
A solenoidal synthetic field and the non-Abelian Aharonov-Bohm effects in neutral atoms
2014, Huo, Ming-Xia, Nie, Wei, Hutchinson, David A. W., Kwek, Leong Chuan
Cold neutral atoms provide a versatile and controllable platform for emulating various quantum systems. Despite efforts to develop artificial gauge fields in these systems, realizing a unique ideal-solenoid-shaped magnetic field within the quantum domain in any real-world physical system remains elusive. Here we propose a scheme to generate a ‘‘hairline’’ solenoid with an extremely small size around 1 micrometer which is smaller than the typical coherence length in cold atoms. Correspondingly, interference effects will play a role in transport. Despite the small size, the magnetic flux imposed on the atoms is very large thanks to the very strong field generated inside the solenoid. By arranging different sets of Laguerre-Gauss (LG) lasers, the generation of Abelian and non-Abelian SU(2) lattice gauge fields is proposed for neutral atoms in ring- and square-shaped optical lattices. As an application, interference patterns of the magnetic type-I Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect are obtained by evolving atoms along a circle over several tens of lattice cells. During the evolution, the quantum coherence is maintained and the atoms are exposed to a large magnetic flux. The scheme requires only standard optical access, and is robust to weak particle interactions.
Quantum synchronization effects induced by strong nonlinearities
2023, Shen, Yuan, Mok, Wai Keong, Noh, Changsuk, Liu, Ai Qun, Kwek, Leong Chuan, Fan, Weijun, Chia, Andy
A paradigm for quantum synchronization is the quantum analog of the Stuart-Landau oscillator, which corresponds to a van der Pol oscillator in the limit of weak (i.e., vanishingly small) nonlinearity. Due to this limitation, the quantum Stuart-Landau oscillator fails to capture interesting nonlinearity-induced phenomena such as relaxation oscillations. To overcome this deficiency, we propose an alternative model that approximates the Duffing–van der Pol oscillator to finitely large nonlinearities while remaining numerically tractable. This allows us to uncover interesting phenomena in the deep-quantum strongly nonlinear regime with no classical analog, such as the persistence of amplitude death on resonance. We also report nonlinearity-induced position correlations in reactively coupled quantum oscillators. Such coupled oscillations become more and more correlated with increasing nonlinearity before reaching some maximum. Again, this behavior is absent classically. We also show how strong nonlinearity can enlarge the synchronization bandwidth in both single and coupled oscillators. This effect can be harnessed to induce mutual synchronization between two oscillators initially in amplitude death.
Recent progress in quantum photonic chips for quantum communication and internet
2023, Luo, Wei, Cao, Lin, Shi, Yuzhi, Wan, Lingxiao, Zhang, Hui, Li, Shuyi, Chen, Guanyu, Li, Yuan, Li, Sijin, Wang, Yunxiang, Sun, Shihai, Muhammad Faeyz Karim, Cai, Hong, Kwek, Leong Chuan, Liu, Ai Qun
Recent years have witnessed significant progress in quantum communication and quantum internet with the emerging quantum photonic chips, whose characteristics of scalability, stability, and low cost, flourish and open up new possibilities in miniaturized footprints. Here, we provide an overview of the advances in quantum photonic chips for quantum communication, beginning with a summary of the prevalent photonic integrated fabrication platforms and key components for integrated quantum communication systems. We then discuss a range of quantum communication applications, such as quantum key distribution and quantum teleportation. Finally, the review culminates with a perspective on challenges towards high-performance chip-based quantum communication, as well as a glimpse into future opportunities for integrated quantum networks.
Uncertainty relation of mixed states by means of Wigner-Yanase-Dyson information
2009, Li, D., Li, X., Wang, F., Huang, H., Kwek, Leong Chuan
The variance of an observable in a quantum state is usually used to describe Heisenberg uncertainty relation. For mixed states, the variance includes quantum and classical uncertainties. By means of the skew information and the decomposition of the variance, a stronger uncertainty relation was presented by Luo [Phys. Rev. A 72, 042110 (2005)]. In this paper, by using Wigner-Yanase-Dyson information which is a generalization of the skew information, we propose a general uncertainty relation of mixed states.
Thermal states as universal resources for quantum computation with always-on interactions
2011, Li, Ying, Browne, D. E., Kwek, Leong Chuan, Raussendorf, Robert, Wei, Tzu-Chieh
Measurement-based quantum computation utilizes an initial entangled resource state and pro-ceeds with subsequent single-qubit measurements. It is implicitly assumed that the interactions between qubits can be switched off so that the dynamics of the measured qubits do not affect the computation. By proposing a model spin Hamiltonian, we demonstrate that measurement-based quantum computation can be achieved on a thermal state with always-on interactions. Moreover, computational errors induced by thermal fluctuations can be corrected and thus the computation can be executed fault-tolerantly if the temperature is below a threshold value.
Suppressing decoherence in quantum plasmonic systems by the spectral-hole-burning effect
2021, You, Jia Bin, Xiong, Xiao, Bai, Ping, Zhou, Zhang-Kai, Yang, Wan-Li, Png, Ching Eng, Kwek, Leong Chuan, Wu, Lin
Quantum plasmonic systems suffer from significant decoherence due to the intrinsically large dissipative and radiative dampings. Based on our quantum simulations νiα a quantum tensor network algorithm, we numerically demonstrate the mitigation of this restrictive drawback by hybridizing a plasmonic nanocavity with an emitter ensemble with inhomogeneously broadened transition frequencies. By burning two narrow spectral holes in the spectral density of the emitter ensemble, the coherent time of Rabi oscillation for the hybrid system is increased tenfold. With the suppressed decoherence, we move one step further in bringing plasmonic systems into practical quantum applications.
Information theoretic approach to single-particle and two-particle interference in multi-path interferometers
2003, Kaszlikowski, Dagomir, Kwek, Leong Chuan, Zukowski, Marek, Englert, Berthold-Georg
We propose entropic measures for the strength of single-particle and two- particle interference in interferometric experiments where each particle of a pair traverses a multi-path interferometer. Optimal single-particle interference excludes any two-particle interference, and vice versa. We report an inequality that states the compromises allowed by quantum mechanics in intermediate situations, and identify a class of two-particle states for which the upper bound is reached. Our approach is applicable to symmetric two-partite systems of any finite dimension.
Optically induced spin hall effect in atoms
2007, Liu, Xiong-Jun, Liu, Xin, Kwek, Leong Chuan, Oh, Choo Hiap
We propose an optical means to realize the spin-Hall effect (SHE) in a neutral atomic system by coupling the internal spin states of atoms to radiation. The interaction between the external optical fields and the atoms creates effective magnetic fields that act in opposite directions on “electrically” neutral atoms with opposite spin polarizations. This effect leads to a Landau level structure for each spin orientation in direct analogy with the familiar SHE in semiconductors. The conservation and topological properties of the spin current, and the creation of a pure spin current are discussed.